Course: Vaccines

Course:    Vaccines

Modality: Online  |  Duration: 1 Hour
 

In this course, you will learn about the importance of getting vaccinated. You will also learn about the safety and effectiveness of vaccines and the requirements associated with getting vaccinated.

Skills and Learning Objectives

  • Describe the importance of getting vaccinated.

  • Describe the safety and effectiveness of getting vaccines.

  • Describe vaccine requirements and expectations.

  • Describe available resources to help a client who gets a vaccine.

Language

If you would like to have audio narration of this course in order to have it read aloud to you, you can add the Chrome Screen Reader feature to your web browser for free by clicking on this link:

Chrome Screen Reader

 

Then click the blue box that says: "Add to Chrome."

Then click "Add extension."

 

This will enable the screen reader function. You will have to click on the text you want to be read aloud.

 

If you wish to disable the Screen Reader or remove it from your web browser, click the Extension Screen reader tab at the top right of your web browser, click the 3 dots to the right of Screen Reader, and then click "Remove from Chrome" and then click Remove.

Key Terms

  • Antibodies - Protective substances made by the body's immune system in response to antigens.

  • Antigens - Substances inside or outside the body (including chemicals, bacteria, viruses, and pollen) that the immune system does not recognize and so produces antibodies to fight them off.

  • Herd Immunity (also community immunity or herd protection) - Indirect protection against an infectious disease for people who are not immune because most of the population is immune (through vaccination or other means).

  • Immunity - Protection from an infectious disease. If you are immune to a disease, you can be exposed to it without becoming infected.

  • Immunization - A process by which a person becomes protected against a disease through vaccination. It is often used interchangeably with vaccination or inoculation.

  • Vaccination - The act of introducing a vaccine into the body to produce protection from a specific disease.

  • Vaccine - A product that stimulates an immune response to produce immunity to a specific disease, protecting the person from that disease. Vaccines are usually administered through needle injections but can be administered by mouth or sprayed into the nose.

  • Vaccine efficacy - The percentage of reduction in disease occurrence in a vaccinated group compared to an unvaccinated group in carefully controlled trials.

References

Andre, F. E., Booy, R., Bock, H. L., Clemens, J., Datta, S. K., John, T. J., Lee, B. W., Lolekha, S., Peltola, H., Ruff, T. A., Santosham, M. & Schmitt, H. J. (2008).

Vaccination greatly reduces disease, disability, death and inequity worldwide. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, pp. 140–146. https://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/2/07-040089.pdf

Antigen. (2021, February 8). In A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 9, 2021, from https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002224.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Lesson 3: Measures of Risk, Section 6: Measures of Public Health Impact. In Principles of Epidemiology in

Public Health Practice (3rd ed.). https://www.who.int/influenza_vaccines_plan/resources/Session4_VEfficacy_VEffectiveness.PDF

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017, August 7). Pertussis (whooping cough): Causes and transmission.

https://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/about/causes-transmission.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, May 16). Immunization: The basics. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/imz-basics.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, January 25). Shingles vaccination.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/shingles/public/shingrix/index.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fvaccines%2Fvpd%2Fshingles%2Fpublic%2Findex.html

Centers For Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, August 17). Understanding how vaccines work.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/conversations/understanding-vacc-work.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, August 7). Chickenpox vaccination: What everyone should know.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/varicella/public/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, May 31). Meningococcal Disease: Clinical information.

https://www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/clinical-info.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, March 8). Mumps.  https://www.cdc.gov/mumps/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, August 1). Risks of delaying or skipping vaccines.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/why-vaccinate/risks-delaying-vaccines.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, February 28). Tetanus: About tetanus.  https://www.cdc.gov/tetanus/about/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, May 26). About diphtheria.  https://www.cdc.gov/diphtheria/about/index.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, January 22). Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough vaccination: What everyone should know.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/dtap-tdap-td/public/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, May 26). Diphtheria: Symptoms.  https://www.cdc.gov/diphtheria/about/symptoms.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, July 28). Hepatitis B questions and answers for the public. https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/bfaq.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, September 9). Overview, history, and how the safety process works.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/ensuringsafety/history/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, August 7). Pneumococcal vaccination: What everyone should know.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/pneumo/public/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, December 31). Rubella vaccination.  https://www.cdc.gov/rubella/vaccination.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, December 18). Understanding mRNA COVID-19 vaccines.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/mrna.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, September 11). Vaccine adverse event reporting system (VAERS).

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/ensuringsafety/monitoring/vaers/index.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, February 25). Vaccine safety.  https://www.cdc.gov/patientsafety/features/vaccine-safety.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, August 31). Vaccine safety FAQs for parents and caregivers.

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/caregivers/faqs.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 2). COVID-19: Frequently asked questions.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, January 19). Estimated disease burden of COVID-19.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/burden.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, January 21). How to build healthcare personnel’s confidence in COVID-19 vaccines (Publication No.

CS322225-A). https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/covid-19/downloads/Build-Healthcare-Personnel-Confidence.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, January 25). Key facts about seasonal flu vaccine. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/prevent/keyfacts.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, January 26). Measles vaccination.  https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/measles/index.html

Chou, W. S., Burgdorf, C. E., Gaysynsky, A., & Hunter, C. M. (2020). COVID-19 vaccination: Applying behavioral and social science to address vaccine hesitancy

and foster vaccine confidence. National Institutes of Health. https://obssr.od.nih.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/COVIDReport_Final.pdf

D’Souza, G., & Dowdy, D. (2020, April 10). What is herd immunity and how can we achieve it with COVID-19?

https://www.jhsph.edu/covid-19/articles/achieving-herd-immunity-with-covid19.html

Johns Hopkins University Hub Staff. (2017, January 11). The science is clear: Vaccines are safe, effective, and do not cause autism. The Hub.

https://hub.jhu.edu/2017/01/11/vaccines-autism-public-health-expert/

McKee, C., & Bohannon, K. (2016). Exploring the reasons behind parental refusal of vaccines. The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 21(2),

104–109.  https://doi.org/10.5863/1551-6776-21.2.104

New York Health Department. (2014, July). The science behind vaccine research and testing.

https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/immunization/vaccine_safety/science.htm

New York State Department of Health. (2012, January). Common vaccine misperceptions and concerns explained.

https://www.health.ny.gov/prevention/immunization/vaccine_safety/misperceptions.htm

Orenstein, W. A., & Ahmed, R. (2017). Simply put: Vaccination saves lives. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(16), 4031-4033.

https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1704507114

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, March). Vaccine types.  https://www.vaccines.gov/basics/types
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, January). Vaccines by disease. https://www.vaccines.gov/diseases
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, March). Vaccines for adults. https://www.vaccines.gov/who_and_when/adults
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, May). What to expect — for adults. https://www.vaccines.gov/get-vaccinated/for_adults
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020, March). Who and when.  https://www.vaccines.gov/who_and_when
U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2021, April 30). Vaccines. https://medlineplus.gov/vaccines.html
World Health Organization. (2020, December 30). Vaccines and immunization: What is vaccination?  

https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/vaccines-and-immunization-what-is-vaccination